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Getting fired, unfortunately, can happen to the best of us. It can happen even when it's not your fault. There could be a personality conflict between yourself and your supervisor. Your idea of what the job was going to be like might differ from what management was thinking. You could have simply screwed up. It happens. You're not alone. Experts estimate that at least 250,000 workers are illegally or unjustly fired each year and that's not counting those that were justifiably terminated. Regardless of the circumstances, what to do if you've been fired? Where do you go from here?


Getting Fired 被炒鱿鱼

First of all, don't beat yourself up. As I said, getting fired can happen to the best of us. Don't dwell on it. Instead, focus on what you are going to do next and how you are going to find another job. Keeping in mind that another hurdle - the stigma of being fired - has just been added to your job search. That said, there are ways you can address this issue and put it in at least a neutral, if not a positive, light.


Legal Issues 法律问题

Before you begin a job search consider where you stand from a legal perspective. Was your firing legitimate or could it be considered wrongful termination? Are you eligible for unemployment benefits? If you were fired for misconduct you may not be eligible, but, don't presume that is the case. Check with your state unemployment office, especially if you have a different opinion than your employer does about how you parted ways. In many cases, if it isn't clearcut, the unemployment office will lean towards the unemployed job seeker, rather than the employer, when making a decision on unemployment compensation benefits.

在开始找工作之前要确认一下法律问题,你是被合法炒掉的还是被不正当的终结合同了呢?你够条件领失业保险吗? 如果因为渎职被炒你可能拿不了失业保险,但是不要自己假定情况如何。联系一下当地的相关部门,尤其是你和雇主意见不同的时候。很多时候,如果说不清楚了,失业赔偿的仲裁通常都会偏向失业者而不是雇主。

Resumes and Cover Letters 简历和求职信

All your job search correspondence must be positive. There is no need to mention that you were fired in your resume or in your cover letters. In your cover letters, focus on the basics. Make sure your cover letters address the position you are applying for and why, and how, you are qualified for it. That's all you need to do. There is no point in bringing up the circumstances of your leaving until you have to.


Applications 申请

When filling out job applications, don't be negative, but, do be honest and don't lie, because it will come back to haunt you. You can use language like "job ended" or "terminated" if you need to state why you are no longer working at the job. If you are specifically asked if you were fired, you need to answer yes. Lying on a job application is grounds for dismissal at any time in the future and could cost you future unemployment benefits.

当填写求职申请表的时候,不要写的太“谦虚”,但是,一定要诚实不能撒谎,因为这些东西会一直缠住你不放。如果一定要说为什么不在原单位工作了,你可以使用“job ended”或者“terminated”这样的字眼。如果被特别的问到是不是被炒了,你要老老实实的回答“是”。在申请工作的时候撒谎就意味着你将来任何时候都可能被解雇。

Interviewing 面试

Here's where getting fired is going to matter most. You can be sure you are going to be asked the question "Why did you leave your last job?" Dick Bolles, author of What Color is Your Parachute recommends volunteering that you were fired even before the question is asked, then moving on. Joyce Lain Kennedy, in Job Interviews for Dummies gives similar advice "... keep it brief, keep it honest, and keep it moving." She suggests explaining why (downsizing, merger) if it wasn't your fault. If it was, Kennedy suggests telling the interviewer you learned a lesson and explain how you benefited from the experience. Take the negative and turn it into a positive. In addition, Kennedy provide sample answers you can use when asked if you were fired.


Practice. Take some time to prepare answers to questions about being fired so you know exactly how you are going to answer. Practice again, so you can respond confidently and without hesitation. The more you say it, the less painful it will be.


Again, don't lie. Most companies check references and check background information, so if you lie you are probably going to get caught.


Do not contradict yourself. Tell the truth and have one story and stick to it regardless of how many people are interviewing you. They will compare notes afterwards and you don't want to have told one person one thing and someone else another story.


Do not insult your former boss or your former employer. No employer likes to wonder if you will talking about them that way in the future. Also, don't be angry. Feeling angry after being fired is normal. However, you need to leave that anger at home and not bring it to the interview with you.


Moving On 忘记过去往前看

As hard as it may be, and it is hard, you need to get over getting fired and move on. You need to be able to convince employers that, regardless of what happened in the past, you are a strong candidate for the position and can do the job. Focusing on the skills and experience you have, rather than the firing, will help sell you to the employer and will help you get the job.